was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it
is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American
countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and
In September 1968, Congress
authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National
Hispanic Heritage Week, which was observed during the week
including September 15 and September 16. The observance was
expanded in 1988 to a month long celebration (Sept. 15 Ė Oct.
15). America celebrates the culture and traditions of U.S.
residents who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the
Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and
September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration
because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin
American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their
independence days on September 16 and September 18, respectively.
Hispanic American Facts from the U.S. Census
The estimated Hispanic population of the United States as of
July 1, 2006, making people of Hispanic origin the nationís
largest ethnic or race minority. Hispanics constituted 15
percent of the nationís total population. (This estimate does
not include the 3.9 million residents of Puerto Rico.)
. . . of every two people added to the nationís population
between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, was Hispanic. There were
1.4 million Hispanics added to the population over the period.
Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between July 1,
2005, and July 1, 2006, making Hispanics the fastest-growing
The projected Hispanic population of the United States as of
July 1, 2050.
According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 24
percent of the nationís total population by that date.
The nationís Hispanic population during the 1990 census -- just
slightly over half the current total.
Ranking of the size of the U.S. Hispanic population worldwide,
as of 2005.
Only Mexico (106.2 million) and Colombia (43 million) had larger
Hispanic populations than did the United States (42.7 million).
(Spain had a population of 40.3 million.)
The percentage of Hispanic-origin people in households who are
of Mexican background. Another 9 percent are of Puerto Rican
background, with 3.5 percent Cuban, 3 percent Salvadoran and 2.7
percent Dominican. The remainder are of some other Central
American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin.
Roughly half of the nationís Dominicans live in New York City
and about half of the nationís Cubans in Miami-Dade County, Fla.
Median age of the Hispanic population in 2006. This compares
with 36.4 years for the population as a whole.
Number of Hispanic males in 2006 per every 100 Hispanic females.
This was in sharp contrast to the overall population, which had
97 males per every 100 females.
States and Counties
The percentage of the Hispanic-origin population that lives in
California or Texas. California is home to 13.1 million
Hispanics, and Texas is home to 8.4 million.
The number of states with at least a half million Hispanic
residents. They are Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida,
Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New
Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas and
The percentage of New Mexicoís population that is Hispanic, the
highest of any state. Hispanics also make up more than a quarter
of the population in California and Texas, at 36 percent each,
and Arizona (29 percent).
The Hispanic population of Los Angeles County, Calif. -- the
largest of any county in the nation.
The increase in Texasí Hispanic population between July 1, 2005,
and July 1, 2006, which led all states. California (283,000),
Florida (161,000) and Arizona (102,000) also recorded large
Number of states in which Hispanics are the largest minority
group. These states are: Arizona, California, Colorado,
Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts,
Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon,
Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming.
The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002.
The rate of growth of Hispanic-owned businesses between 1997 and
percent) compared with the national average (10 percent) for all
Revenue generated by Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002, up 19
percent from 1997.
. . . of all Hispanic-owned firms were owned by Mexicans,
Mexican-Americans and Chicanos.
Number of Hispanic-owned firms with receipts of $1 million or
States with the fastest rates of growth for Hispanic-owned firms between
1997 and 2002 included New York (57 percent), Georgia and Rhode
Island (56 percent each), and Nevada and South Carolina (48
Counties with the highest number of Hispanic-owned firms were
Los Angeles County (188,422); Miami-Dade County (163,187); and
Harris County, Texas (61,934).
Families and Children
The number of Hispanic family households in the United States in
2006. Of these households, 62 percent included children younger
The percentage of Hispanic family households consisting of a
The percentage of Hispanic family households consisting of a
married couple with children younger than 18.
Percentage of Hispanic children living with two married parents.
Percentage of total population younger than 5 that was Hispanic
as of July 1, 2006.
The number of U.S. household residents 5 and older who speak
Spanish at home. Spanish speakers constitute nearly one in eight
U.S. household residents. Among all those who speak Spanish at
home, more than one-half say they speak English very well.
Percentage of Texas residents who speak Spanish at home, which
leads all states. This compares with the national average of 12
Percentage of Hispanics 5 and older who speak a language other
than English at home. Of that number, about half speak English
The median income of Hispanic households in 2005, statistically
unchanged from the previous year.
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2005, statistically
unchanged from 2004.
The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2005,
statistically unchanged from 2004.
The percentage of Hispanics 25 and older who had at least a high
school education in 2006.
The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and older with a
bachelorís degree or higher in 2006.
The number of Hispanics 18 and older who had at least a
bachelorís degree in 2006, up from 1.4 million a decade earlier.
Number of Hispanics 25 and older with advanced degrees in 2006
(e.g., masterís, professional, doctorate).
Percentage of all college students in October 2005 who were
Hispanic. Among elementary and high school students combined,
the corresponding proportion was 19 percent. Educational
attainment levels are higher among certain Hispanic groups than
among others. For example, among Cubans 25 and older, 73 percent
were at least high school graduates, and 24 percent had a
bachelorís degree or higher.
Percentage of Hispanics 16 and older who are in the civilian
The percentage of Hispanics 16 or older who work in management,
professional and related occupations. Approximately 24 percent
of Hispanics 16 or older work in service occupations; 22 percent
in sales and office occupations; 2 percent in farming, fishing
and forestry occupations; 16 percent in construction,
extraction, maintenance and repair occupations; and 19 percent
in production, transportation and material moving occupations.
Number of Hispanic chief executives. In addition, 49,200
physicians and surgeons; 53,700 postsecondary teachers; 29,000
lawyers; and 3,300 news analysts, reporters and correspondents
The number of Hispanic citizens who reported voting in the 2004
presidential election. The percentage of Hispanic citizens
voting -- about 47 percent -- did not change statistically from
four years earlier.
Serving our Country
The number of Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces.
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