This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Rental Purchase Act".
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 1.
As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Advertisement" means a commercial message in any medium
that directly or indirectly promotes or assists a rental-purchase agreement,
except for in-store merchandising aids;
(2) "Consumer" means a person who leases personal property under
a rental-purchase agreement;
(3) "Merchandise" means the personal property that is the
subject of a rental-purchase agreement;
(4) "Lessor" means a person who, in the ordinary course of
business, regularly leases, offers to lease, or arranges for the leasing of
merchandise under a rental-purchase agreement and includes a person who is
assigned an interest in a rental-purchase agreement;
(5) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership,
organization, or any other entity;
(6) "Reinstatement period" means the period of time specified in
§ 4-92-106 during which a consumer may either pay delinquent rent or return
merchandise and thereby retain the right to have the rental-purchase agreement
(7) "Rental-purchase agreement" means an agreement for the use
of merchandise by a consumer for personal, family, household, or business
purposes for an initial period of four (4) months or less that is automatically
renewable with each payment after the initial period, but does not obligate or
require the consumer to continue leasing or using the merchandise after the
initial period, and that permits the consumer to become the owner of the
merchandise, but does not obligate the consumer to purchase or become the owner
of the merchandise.
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 2.
(a) A consumer damaged by a violation of this chapter by a
lessor is entitled to recover from the lessor:
(1) Actual damages;
(2) Twenty-five percent (25%) of an amount equal to the total
amount of payments required to obtain ownership of the merchandise involved.
However, the amount recovered under this subdivision (a)(2) may not be less than
one hundred dollars ($100) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000); and
(3) Reasonable attorney's fees not to exceed fifteen percent
(15%) of the consumer's allowable recovery and court costs.
(1) Any execution or enforcement of a rental-purchase agreement
in violation of this chapter or any other violation of this chapter shall
constitute an unfair or deceptive act or practice as defined by the Deceptive
Trade Practices Act, § 4-88-101 et seq.
(2) All remedies, penalties, and authority granted to the
Attorney General under the Deceptive Trade Practices Act, § 4-88-101 et seq.,
shall be available to the Attorney General for the enforcement of this chapter.
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 8; 1993, No. 1050, § 1.
4-92-104. Agreement -
An agreement which conforms with the definition as set forth in § 4-92-102(7)
shall be a true lease and shall not constitute a credit sale, retail installment
contract, agreement, obligation, or any other type of credit sale financing
device, nor shall it create a security interest as that term is defined in §
4-1-201(37). Until the lessor transfers title to the merchandise to the
consumer, the relationship of the parties to a rental-purchase agreement shall
be that of a lessor and lessee and not that of a seller and buyer, and title to
the merchandise shall remain vested with the lessor.
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 3.
Agreement - Provisions prohibited and required.
(a) A rental-purchase agreement shall not contain a provision:
(1) Requiring a confession of judgment;
(2) Authorizing a merchant or agent of the merchant to commit a
breach of the peace while repossessing merchandise;
(3) Waiving a defense, counterclaim, or right the consumer may
have against the merchant or an agent of the merchant; or
(4) Requiring the purchase of insurance from the merchant to
cover the merchandise.
(b) A rental-purchase agreement must disclose:
(1) Whether the merchandise is new or used;
(2) The amount and timing of regular rental payments;
(3) The total number of payments necessary and the total amount
to be paid to acquire ownership;
(4) The amounts and purpose of any other payment, charge, or fee
in addition to the regular periodic rental payment;
(5) That the consumer does not acquire any ownership rights
until the consumer has complied with the ownership terms of the agreement;
(6) Whether the consumer is liable for loss or damage to the
merchandise, and if so, the maximum amount for which the consumer may be held
(7) Notice of the right to reinstate an agreement as provided in
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, §§ 4, 5.
Agreement - Reinstatement.
(a) A consumer who fails to make a timely rental payment may reinstate an
agreement without losing any rights or options previously acquired by either
paying all rental and other charges due or returning the merchandise to the
lessor within five (5) business days from the date of the last scheduled rental
payment if the consumer pays rent monthly, or within two (2) business days from
the date of the last scheduled rental payment if the consumer pays more
frequently than monthly.
(b) Nothing in this section shall prevent the accrual of any
late charges or reinstatement fees charged by the lessor.
(c) Nothing in this section shall prevent the lessor from
attempting to repossess the merchandise during the reinstatement period, but the
consumer's right to reinstate an agreement shall not expire because of the
(d) If the merchandise is returned during the applicable
reinstatement period, other than through judicial process, the right to
reinstate shall be extended for a period of not less than thirty (30) days after
the date of the return of the merchandise.
(e) No consumer shall have the right to reinstate more than
three (3) times during the term of any one (1) rental-purchase agreement.
(f) On reinstatement, the lessor shall provide the consumer with
the same merchandise or shall substitute merchandise of comparable quality and
condition. However, the lessor shall not be required to provide new disclosures
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 6.
Any advertisement for a rental-purchase agreement must clearly and
conspicuously state that the advertised transaction is a rental-purchase
History. Acts 1987, No. 490, § 7.